Rebreather Classification
Rebreather Classification What are rebreathers - now they know if not all, then many. Unfortunately, in Russia they still know mostly by hearsay. There are many legends about rebreathers, their…

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Freediving - immersion in freedom
Freediving what is it? Freediving is called swimming underwater without scuba gear, with the ability to hold your breath for as long as possible. In addition, freediving is a whole…

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What is tech diving?
One of the varieties of diving, which attracts thousands of scuba diving enthusiasts around the world, is the technical diving (Technical Diver IANTD). The main difference between technology diving and…

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Seven amazing underwater cities.

Flooded cities and lost worlds have attracted the attention of adventure seekers and travelers, scientists and researchers over the years. These places, most often, were abandoned or destroyed thousands of years ago, and the history of some of them has not yet been studied. Remember the most interesting underwater megacities of the world.

1. The city of Lviv in the “Lake of the Thousand Islands”. China. Qiandao Lake (Qiandao, in Chinese: 千島湖) was formed in 1959 as a result of flooding the valley after completion of the construction of a power station and dam on the Hainan River. The local government did not hesitate to drown 27 cities and 1377 villages. Two ancient cities appeared under water – He Cheng and Shi Cheng (Lviv City). Lying at the foot of Wu Shi (Mountain of Five Lions) megacities arose more than 1300 years ago. For 40 years, no one remembered them. Only in 2001, the Chinese official responsible for local tourism, in order to revitalize the flow of tourists in this region, began cooperation with a group of divers from Beijing who, during underwater expeditions, found flooded cities. The buildings and city walls were in surprisingly good condition, and their sculptures and bas-reliefs looked directly magnificent. Work is still underway that will keep the underwater cities intact for as long as possible. Anyone here can get hold of rolling underwater equipment and visit these unique historical monuments under water.

2. Halfety. Turkey. Located in the southeastern part of Turkey, on the eastern bank of the Euphrates, the city of Halfeti has a history dating back to the 9th century BC. e. Assyrians and Greeks lived here, who fought with the Arabs. The city located in the valley is well preserved and, over time, has become famous throughout Turkey for growing peanuts and a unique variety of black roses. Unfortunately, the Turkish government decided to partially donate it due to the construction of the dam. In 1999, Halfeti, along with the surrounding villages, was flooded. Fortunately, due to the fact that currently it is partially under water, this city has become one of the main attractions of Turkey and attracts many tourists.

3. Bahia. Italy. Bahia was an ancient resort overlooking the bay and Mount Vesuvius. For several centuries, and especially at the end of the existence of the Roman Republic, its popularity was greater than that of Herculaneum or Capri. In the VIII century, the city was taken and plundered by the Arabs, and in the XV century it was completely devastated by the epidemic of malaria. As a result of numerous earthquakes, most of Bayi has already disappeared under water. Many buildings were sunk, in particular the villas of Nero and Caesar. Here divers can see fragments of statues and mosaics that are not subject to the influence of time.

4. Port Royal. Jamaica. In the 17th century, Port Royal in Jamaica was a stronghold of piracy and lawlessness in the Caribbean. It was here that sea robbers flocked from all over the civilized world, and the legend surrounding this place penetrated into modern pop culture. In 1692, a tsunami caused by a powerful earthquake flooded most of the city and killed about 2,000 people. Now lovers of diving and sunken antiquities can admire the hundreds of wreckage wrecks, the hard surface of a street or building. To do this, they need to go down to a depth of 12 m. The only treasure found in the sunken city can be considered a pocket watch from 1686, which stopped at 11:43.

5. Yonaguni, Japan. In 1985, during an expeditionary submarine expedition off the coast of Okinawa, unusual structures were discovered. Yonaguni is an archaeological site, which includes a stone pyramid measuring 150 by 40 meters, which rises 27 meters (counting from the seabed), as well as a 7-meter column, 10-meter wall or a structure of flat blocks. These structures are so mysterious that they have already generated many bold and crazy theories. Here are thoughts about aliens, and the legendary mythical Atlantis.

6. Alexandria. Egypt. The eastern part of the port in Alexandria has long been of interest to archaeologists and adventure-seeking divers. It is believed that the objects found under water are the remains of the Cleopatra Palace, which was supposed to crash into the sea during an earthquake that occurred about 1,500 years ago, from the Faros lighthouse – one of the 7 wonders of the ancient world and the temple of Isis. Among the 140 artefacts found, you can see a small statue of the pharaoh, a giant stone head, which, apparently, depicts the face of Cleopatra’s son and Julius Caesar – Caesarion, a statue of the sphinx or inscribed stones from the walls of the temples. Cleopatra’s Palace, along with other attractions, is open for tourists to divers.

7. Peloponnese. Greece. Off the coast of Laconia, in the southern part of the Peloponnese, is the oldest known to the scientists flooded city in the world. Pavlopetri is at least 3000 years old, and what can be seen 3-4 meters below the surface of the water is very impressive. Houses on 2 floors, gardens and courtyards, streets, as well as a very complex sewer system, which is not much different from modern ones.

Diving in Borneo
The main distinguishing feature of this unique region, of course, is its incredibly diverse nature. Wet tropical forests penetrate many deep and not very deep rivers, which are sometimes the…

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I am often told (usually, I must admit, a coach of a “certain age”) that unlike, for example, football, where any professional over the age of 30 needs to think…

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Amateur divers dive for their own pleasure. But there are those for whom this is a completely different matter: work, and also difficult. From commercial divers to underwater forensic investigators,…

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Female diving. Physiology and Equipment
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