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Record Dive at the Pole of Cold

February 1, 2013 at a point with geographical coordinates N 62 ° 30 \ ‘453 \’ \ ‘/ E 143 ° 37 \’ 505 \ ‘\’ a unique dive took place. The fact is that at this point is Lake Labynkyr, which has long been of great interest to scientists.

Record Dive at the Pole of Cold

Diving to the bottom of the lake on the instructions of scientists of the Yakut University was made by the chairman of the scientific committee of the Russian Federation of Underwater Sports, the head of the underwater research team of the Russian Geographical Society Dmitry Shiller. Such an immersion took place for the first time in history. Previously, underwater studies of this lake were not carried out, there were only attempts to explore it with the help of a probe and an echo sounder, but the results brought more questions than answers.

The length of Lake Labynkyr is 14.3 km, the width is about 4 km, the average depth is 52.6 m, but there is a fault at the bottom, where the depth reaches 80 m. Located in the poorly explored and inaccessible region – Oymyakon ulus of Yakutia, at an altitude of 1020 m above sea ​​level, the lake is one of the coldest in the world. But Labynkyr freezes always very slowly, later than neighboring lakes, which is a mystery to scientists.

The nearest settlement is the famous Oymyakon – the cold pole of the Northern hemisphere of the Earth. The poles of cold are the regions where the lowest air temperatures near the earth’s surface were recorded. The cold pole of the Southern Hemisphere and the entire globe is located in Antarctica (Vostok station, where the temperature was recorded in 1983 at -89.2 ° C). In the Northern Hemisphere, a cold pole is located on the territory of our country, in Yakutia (in the city of Verkhoyansk, the temperature was officially registered at -68 ° C, and in Oymyakon, according to calculations, winter frosts can reach -71 ° C).

In addition to geographical features, Lake Labynkyr is famous for many secrets, moreover, based not on legends, but on the testimonies of eyewitnesses. According to them, some huge animal lives in the lake. This fact made Labynkyr known throughout the world as the “second Loch Ness”.

From the diary of a scientist, geologist, head of the geological party of the East Siberian branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences Viktor Alexandrovich Tverdokhlebov: “… It was some kind of animal. It moved in an arc: first along the lake, then straight to us. As it was approaching, a strange numbness, from which it was getting colder inside, enveloped me, a dark gray oval carcass rose a little above the water, two symmetrical white spots resembling the eyes of an animal clearly stood out against it, and something like sticking out of his body sticks … maybe n “We saw only a small part of the animal, but a huge massive body was guessed under the water. Before us was a predator, without a doubt, one of the strongest predators in the world …” With the help of a telezond at the bottom of the lake, we managed to find the remains of the jaws and skeleton of some animal . A variety of different hypotheses have been put forward regarding the species affiliation of the “Labynkyr Nessi” – a giant pike, relict reptile or amphibian, but none of them has yet been able to prove or disprove.

Record Dive at the Pole of Cold

Dmitry Schiller faced a serious scientific task: to reach the bottom of the lake where possible, where it was required to take underwater surveys, as well as take samples of soil, bottom water, flora and fauna. Climatic and geographical conditions made diving more than difficult. At a surface temperature of -45 ° C, the water temperature was maintained + 2 ° C. And here it should be specially mentioned that one of the necessary conditions for immersion was the so-called “open water entry”. This means that no tent was placed above the lane, which could make it easier for divers to stay in the cold, as is often done when diving at low temperatures. Dmitry was to dive to a depth of 20 meters.

Now we can already say that the task was successfully solved! The scientists’ task was completed, the samples were delivered to the surface and transferred for further study. Unfortunately, Dmitry did not see a mysterious animal, or traces of its dwelling in the lake, but the very fact of diving in Lake Labynkyr, and even in such conditions, is already a sensation.

The expedition became interested in the editorial board of the Guinness Book of Records, and with high probability this dive will fall into the world collection of records as “the first winter diving with scuba diving in a natural reservoir in the vicinity of the cold pole.”

Record Dive at the Pole of Cold

Expedition members:

Shiller Dmitry Avgustovich – Chairman of the Scientific Committee of the Russian Federation of Underwater Sports, head of the underwater research team of the Russian Geographical Society, President of the Federation of Underwater Sports of the Republic of Tatarstan, holder of the Tatarstan record for deep diving (165 m), holder of the World Cup in sports diving.

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