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Types and varieties of diving

Diving (English “diving” from the English “to dive” – ​​to dive) is a very broad concept, including many varieties of scuba diving. In English, from where the word was taken, diving simply means “diving”, that is, it is used to refer to any dives, from simple diving to diving.

Depending on the equipment used, 3 types of diving can be distinguished:

without a breathing apparatus underwater – freediving;
with a breathing apparatus – scuba diving;
with sophisticated technical equipment for professional underwater work – diving.

Free Diving, Free Diving – holding diving (apnea). As additional equipment, swimmers can use wetsuits, flippers and masks, but can do without them at all. Freedivers develop personal abilities to hold their breath for the maximum time and for maximum immersion in depth. Freedivers’ world records are striking: diving into a depth of 281 m (dynamics in fins) and 11 minutes and 35 seconds of apnea. Perhaps one cannot say better about freediving than did the world record holder Natalya Molchanova: “freediving is diving for sensations. Behind euphoria from soaring in space. For the delightful moments of rapture with the beauty of the underwater world, when you see him with the pure eyes of a child inside yourself and he becomes fabulous and his heart is lit up with a smile. For enjoying solitude, when inner peace dissolves the vanity of thoughts. For joy, when for happiness, it turns out, you just need to inhale, and with special acuteness you feel a taste for life. ”

Scuba-Diving Scuba-diving, Scuba-Diving – immersion under water with a special breathing apparatus. SKUBA is a Russian transcription of the English abbreviation SCUBA (Self Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus), which translates roughly as “self-contained underwater breathing apparatus.” Modern SKUBA devices differ from the very first devices – scuba gear invented by Jacques-Yves Cousteau, although the circuit diagram of the device has not changed significantly. In the modern world, no one calls and does not use the word “scuba gear” in relation to the apparatus for breathing under water, correctly call it SCUBA. People who use these devices are called divers or SCUBA divers, not scuba divers. Scuba – Aqua Lung is a manufacturer of diving equipment. Just like not all Xeorks copy machines, and not all scuba machines for underwater breathing. Scuba diving opens up incredible opportunities for a person to know the underwater world, because you can dive with the device for a long time and to great depths.

Diving, in which air is supplied to the diver through a hose from the surface (from a special compressor), is called Hookah Diving. At the same time, a partner who manages the equipment is required. More often this system is used in professional diving.

Diving operations Professional diving is also called “commercial diving,” although the term “diving work” is more often used in the Russian Federation. These are scuba dives performed by professionals for a fee, in the narrow sense – work underwater in diving equipment. With such dives, the entire arsenal of underwater equipment and equipment can be used, from ordinary masks with tubes to specialized equipment and gas mixtures. Professional divers have serious training: undergo special training, have good health, use more sophisticated equipment than other types of diving. Profi divers conduct emergency rescue, installation, engineering and other types of work. Professional diving also includes: military diving, “police” diving (searching for evidence under water), scientific diving, media (journalism, cinema), scientific diving (underwater research).

The opposite of professional diving, when the customer pays for the diving, is “recreational diving”, scuba diving for relaxation, pleasure, when the diver pays for the dive. Fun under water can be very different, then in the article we will tell you more about such varieties of recreational diving, such as ice diving, drift diving and others.

Diver training takes place in several stages – from the initial level (Open Water Diver) to the dive master (Dive Master). Each level extends the limits of dives. The completion of each course is confirmed by a certificate. A diver can stop at any stage of training, depending on his goals. The content of the training course, teaching methodology and other nuances may vary in the existing training systems developed by different associations (IANTD, PADI and many others).

But before undergoing training for a diver, you should at least try diving (you suddenly don’t like why spend money on training and equipment). Anyone can dive under the supervision of a professional, even if he does not know how to swim.

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