Female diving. Physiology and Equipment
According to statistics, girls are more accurate and careful under water than men. So, more than 30% of the number of students in underwater centers are women, but only 10% of deaths among divers occur with their participation. There are no ladies and gentlemen under water. If a woman decided to become a good scuba diver, then she should do without the help and guardianship of her male partner. A true submarine athlete should be independent and independent. It is strategically important to carry, assemble and disassemble the equipment itself, not trusting this business to anyone. In an emergency under water, everyone is equal. The elements have no preferences. It is the scuba diver herself who must be responsible for the serviceability of the equipment and prepare it for immersion, because not only her health, but also her life depends on it.
Are there any differences between male diving and female diving?
There are two answers to this question – brief and detailed. The short answer is no. However, the fact remains that there are differences between men and women, and there are some distinctive aspects in such areas as diving. Let’s take it in order.
Physiology and Equipment
If, in preparation for the dive, a smaller volume of female lungs is a minus, then under water is an undeniable plus. A woman consumes less oxygen during breathing. Therefore, if behind her back a balloon of the same volume as that of a man, then she will be able to hold out under water longer than her partner. And the use by ladies of smaller cylinders when scuba diving in the mixed group is very convenient and profitable for everyone.
Female masticatory muscles are usually weaker and smaller than men. When overstressed, pain, muscle cramps, or injuries to the jaw bones and joints can occur. It is better for girls to use light modifications of the regulator, since it is very difficult to hold heavy pulmonary machines with their teeth.
Cargo belt. A more developed layer of subcutaneous fat in women (we open the textbook of anatomy and see that the female half of the population has 25% more subcutaneous fat, this number varies, but on average) it increases their buoyancy, but makes immersion more difficult. Therefore, their cargo belt should be even heavier than that of men. To make the ladies comfortable, it is better to use a soft belt. It has many small pockets with small weights. Such a belt reliably wraps around the waist, evenly distributes the load and does not squeeze the skin, thanks to the soft material of which it is made.
Mask and breathing tube. Women are more suitable masks of small sizes. After all, it is much more difficult to clean the mask with a large mask volume. For this you need to make a strong and long exhale with your nose. The breathing tube should also be slightly shorter, because you will have to exhale intensively to clear it of water.
Flippers. When swimming in the fins, the muscles tighten much more. A girl in wide and massive flippers often cannot even move her leg. Therefore, it is better to dive in small, hard and narrow fins. This will allow a woman to use her muscle strength as efficiently as possible.
Wetsuit. Costume design should be developed in accordance with the structure of the female body, taking into account its features.
Compensation vest. The compensator vest must also fit the female figure. This means to be shorter in length, wider in the chest and already at the waist compared to men.
Aesthetics. Well, of course, all this must necessarily be in harmony with each other and look good on the owner. Women are ready to make big sacrifices for the sake of beauty. 🙂
And a little more about female physiology …
No convincing studies have been conducted to answer this question. No changes in hormonal regulation, ovulation or the menstrual cycle as a result of exposure to high blood pressure were found.
The physiological characteristics of the female body are especially evident in the so-called critical days. Previously, there was a theoretical fear that hormonal changes in the blood and a decrease in its volume during this period contribute to the development of decompression sickness, but experimental studies have dispelled this myth. Experience shows that the psychological consequences of a critical period are really dangerous, since in many women it is accompanied by mental and somatic disorders: temporary depression and anxiety, abdominal pain, nausea and migraine, increased irritability and temper. In such cases, it is better to refrain from diving. There are no other real reasons why women should give up scuba gear in critical periods.
In the past, there were fears that tissue and blood released during menstruation could trigger a shark attack on a woman. However, stubborn statistics suggest otherwise. Sharks attack women much less frequently than men. This is because sharks are not satisfied with the quality of the blood present in the water.