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Surfboards and their varieties

Surfboard- One of the necessary things for surfing.

At the moment, modern boards have moved very far from their large ancestors made of wood, both in terms of board construction and design, the materials from which the boards are made have also changed very much. The manufacture of boards is still carried out manually as before. They are made by special people called Shapers. The boards are made of polystyrene, which is why they are so light, and they are coated with a special layer of fiberglass on top, so they are quite strong and have good glide.

Consider the board and understand what it consists of:

Deck- The upper side of the board where the surfer stands while riding, or lies while rowing. The surfer applies special wax to the upper surface of the board in order to reduce the sliding of the surfer’s legs – the board has a very slippery coating and wet feet on it slip off immediately and the surfer can fall, which can cause injuries from hitting the board, and the board is also damaged due to bumps on her. Often surfers stick special rubberized mats to increase traction.

Nose- On types of boards, such as: shortboard, gun, or fish, the nose is usually pointed, on the boards: funboard and longboard, the nose is usually rounded, but there are boards of these types and with a fairly sharp nose. Also, the nose of the board is slightly raised upward, this helps the board not to bury its nose when the surfer is raked into the wave and then stands on it.

Tail is the back of the board. There are various forms of tails, and how the board behaves in water depends on this shape of the tail. On the tail of the board there is a special mount for the “lichen”. (leash-literal translation-leash), This is a special cord that clings to the board, and then to your foot so that the board does not float at the time of falling and does not have to swim, in some places to remain without a board is quite dangerous, because far enough to shore.

Rails is the edge of the board, from the tail to the nose of the board, on both sides. Like the shape of the tail, different forms of board rails make boards behave differently on the water, depending on the thickness and shape of the edges.

Stringer is the central strip, made of durable material (in most cases, choose wood), the stringer runs inside the board, in the center along the entire length. Stringer is made in the manufacture of blanks for the future board, before the board is given the final shape ..

Do not forget about the bottom of the board, this is also a very important part of the boards! Next, we consider the main forms of the bottom:
Flat bottom:
It is logical to suspect that the bottom of this board is flat! This type of bottom works well on all types of boards and is suitable for most waves of novice surfers.

plos dno

One concavity:
Concavity passes through the entire board and as a result, an even flow of water is obtained from the nose to the tail of the board. This type of bottom is designed for high-speed skating, and works great on fast and fairly smooth waves. This form is not suitable for windward and bumpy waves, this type of wave is called “Chop”.

odna vog

Double concavity:
Double concavity at the bottom you can see on most boards that are currently sold. Now, as a rule, double concavity is done like this – the board has one concavity in the nose area, which gradually makes a bifurcation towards the tail of the board. What are the advantages of such a bottom? -Double concavity divides the flows into two water jets passing through the fins. This makes riding easier and more balanced – great for smooth and amplitude maneuvers.

dvoinaia vog

Vee Shape:
The bottom point of the board in the water passes in the area of ​​the stringer and runs along it. This form is usually used only in the tail area of ​​the board. A board with a Vee outline is likely to have another of the contours in the rest of the bottom of the board. This is a fairly popular contour among the boards for use on large waves.

v share
Channels: – it is believed that this is the experimental contour of the bottom of the board. And like the Vee-contour, it is used only in the tail area of ​​the board. This circuit works best on good, smooth waves and is designed to give extra acceleration.


Fins: (Fins)

Another of the important details of the bottom of the board is: fins or fin boxes. Some boards have built-in fins, it is glued there with the same material from which the board itself is made, and some boards have “fin boxes”, they are also called “Plugs” into which you can insert the fin and securely fasten with special screws.

Types of boards:

shortboard, Malibu, Fish and Gun. Perhaps you might think that we have deviated and are not talking about surfing, but in fact this is not so, then we will tell you about the four main types of surfboards.
It is important to know that: The length of the board is measured in feet (1 foot = 30.48 cm).


shortboard, one of the most popular types of boards, the board is very fast and maneuverable, is used on many types of waves and is rightfully the most popular design. Are shortboard sizes usually around 5’8? to 6’10?

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